西南交通大学学报 2012, 47(3) 526-532 DOI:   10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2012.03.027  ISSN: 0258-2724 CN: 51-1277/U

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本文关键词相关文章
产品族设计
进化
产品生态环境
适应度
本文作者相关文章
聂涌
殷国富
赵秀粉
PubMed
Article by Zhe,y
Article by Yin,G.F
Article by Diao,X.F

基于群体遗传进化机制的产品族设计

聂涌, 殷国富, 赵秀粉

四川大学制造科学与工程学院, 四川 成都 610065

摘要

为快速响应细分市场中客户的个性化需求,运用生物进化理论建立了产品族进化设计过程模型.在定义产品基因、产品等位基因概念的基础上,建立了4层结构体系的新产品族遗传结构.通过定量分析市场客户需求和产品生产效率,构建了产品族在市场环境中的客户需求维度适应度模型和在设计制造环境中的生产效率维度适应度模型,并提出了支持整个产品族进化的多方向进化演变算法.以轿车产品族设计为例的产品族进化演变过程模拟结果表明:产品族经过20代进化后,最终形成了分别满足小型、紧凑型及中型轿车3个细分市场需求且具有较高生产效率的最优产品族,本文提出的产品族进化设计方法能有效地满足细分市场中客户的个性化需求.

关键词 产品族设计   进化   产品生态环境   适应度  

Product Family Design Based on Mechanism of Population Evolution

NIE Yong, YIN Guofu, ZHAO Xiufen

School of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China

Abstract:

In order to attain a rapid response to customers' individualized needs in market segments, a process model of product family evolutionary design was established according to the biological evolutionism. Based on the definitions of product genes and product allelic genes, a new four-layer product family genetic structure was built. In addition, product family fitness models in two dimensions, i.e., customer needs in marketplace and production efficiency in design and manufacture environment, were constructed by quantitative analysis of customer needs in market and the production efficiency. Meanwhile, a multi-directional evolution algorithm that supports the whole product family evolution was proposed. Taking a car product family design for example, simulation results of the product family evolutionary process show that after 20 generations, the product family develops into the optimal solution which meets the needs in small, compact and medium car market segments and has high product efficiency. Therefore, the method proposed for product family evolutionary design can effectively meet customers' individualized needs in market segments.

Keywords: product family design   evolution   product ecological environment   fitness  
收稿日期 2011-05-27 修回日期  网络版发布日期 2012-05-29 
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2012.03.027
基金项目:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(51075287);四川省产业发展重大关键技术项目(2010GZ0051)

通讯作者: 赵秀粉(1977-),女,讲师,博士,研究方向为产品智能设计,E-mail:zhaoxiufen@scu.edu.cn
作者简介: 聂涌(1983-),男,博士研究生,研究方向为CAD/CAE、产品族设计等,电话:13730641991,E-mail:xiaodanyong@163.com

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