西南交通大学学报 2012, 47(3) 427-432 DOI:   10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2012.03.012  ISSN: 0258-2724 CN: 51-1277/U

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本文关键词相关文章
音频水印
脆弱水印
量化索引调制
离散余弦变换(DCT)
本文作者相关文章
张金全
王宏霞
PubMed
Article by Zhang,J.Q
Article by Yu,H.X

基于音频内容的DCT域脆弱水印算法

张金全1,2, 王宏霞1

1. 西南交通大学信息科学与技术学院, 四川 成都 610031;
2. 成都信息工程学院网络工程学院, 四川 成都 610225

摘要

为了实现音频文件的完整性认证,提出了一种基于内容的脆弱水印算法.对于一维序列,改变其离散余弦变换(DCT)域交流系数不会改变该序列的幅值和.基于这一性质,在音频分帧后,再对每帧分组,计算每组采样点和的绝对值,相加后得到该帧的和,将其作为该帧音频的特征,量化后转换为二进制作为水印;然后,用量化索引调制方法,通过调整每组DCT域的低频系数嵌入水印.实验表明:该算法具有很好的不可感知性;得到的含水印音频的信噪比约为80 dB;算法对添加噪声、重量化、重采样、低通滤波、MP3压缩等操作具有很强的敏感性,并且能够确定替换等恶意篡改的位置.

关键词 音频水印   脆弱水印   量化索引调制   离散余弦变换(DCT)  

Content-Based Fragile Audio Watermarking Algorithm in DCT Domain

ZHANG Jinquan1,2, WANG Hongxia1

1. School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China;
2. School of Network Engineering, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China

Abstract:

In order to realize the integrity authentication of audio files, a content-based fragile watermarking algorithm was proposed. To an one-dimensional sequence, the modification of alternating coefficient in DCT (discrete cosine transformation) will not change the sum of the sequence. Based on this property, an audio signal is segmented into frames. Then, samples are partitioned into sections for each frame. After absolute value of the sum of all samples in each section is computed, all absolute values are added in a frame. The result is quantized as a feature of the frame, and the quantization result is converted to a binary sequence as watermark. The watermark bits are embedded by modifying low frequency coefficient in DCT of each section with the quantization index modulation (QIM) method. Experimental results show that the fragile watermarking algorithm maintains good perceptual quality, the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) values of watermarked audios are about 80 dB, and the algorithm is sensitive against additive noise, bit resolution transformation, sampling rate change, low-pass filtering and MP3 compression. Furthermore, it can detect and localize the tampered regions effectively.

Keywords: audio watermarking   fragile watermarking   QIM (quantization index modulation)   DCT (discrete cosine transformation)  
收稿日期 2011-08-22 修回日期  网络版发布日期 2012-05-29 
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2012.03.012
基金项目:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(61170226,60970122);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(SWJTU11CX047)

通讯作者: 王宏霞(1973-),女,教授,博士,研究方向为多媒体信息安全技术、保密通信、智能信息处理, E-mail:hxwang@home.swjtu.edu.cn
作者简介: 张金全(1974-),男,博士研究生,研究方向为音频数字水印,E-mail:zhjq@cuit.edu.cn

参考文献:

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本刊中的类似文章
1.王宏霞.基于内容的自适应音频水印研究综述[J]. 西南交通大学学报, 2009,44(3): 430-437
2.范明泉;王宏霞 .能区分图像内容或水印篡改的自恢复脆弱水印 [J]. 西南交通大学学报, 2008,43(6): 799-805

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